Life Style

Eid Ul Adha Is Incomplete Without a Plate of Mutton Biriyani: Recipe Inside

Eid Ul Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is a time for family, friends, and feasting. One dish that stands out during this celebration is the aromatic and flavorful Mutton Biriyani. This dish is a symbol of joy and togetherness, bringing people closer with every bite. In this article, we’ll delve into the significance of Mutton Biriyani during Eid Ul Adha and share a step-by-step recipe to help you prepare this delectable dish at home.

The Significance of Mutton Biriyani During Eid Ul Adha

A Culinary Tradition

Mutton Biriyani is more than just a dish; it’s a tradition passed down through generations. The rich flavors and tender meat make it a favorite for many, especially during Eid Ul Adha. The dish represents the essence of the festival – sharing and enjoying a bountiful meal with loved ones.

Symbol of Celebration

The preparation of Mutton Biriyani is often a communal activity, bringing family members together in the kitchen. The process of cooking and sharing this meal fosters a sense of community and celebration, making Eid Ul Adha even more special.

Ingredients for Mutton Biriyani

Main Ingredients

  • 1 kg mutton, cut into medium pieces
  • 3 cups basmati rice
  • 2 large onions, thinly sliced
  • 3 tomatoes, chopped
  • 1 cup yogurt
  • 1/2 cup ghee or oil
  • 4-5 green chilies, slit
  • 1 tablespoon ginger-garlic paste
  • 1 bunch of mint leaves, chopped
  • 1 bunch of coriander leaves, chopped
  • Salt to taste


  • 2 bay leaves
  • 4-5 cloves
  • 4-5 green cardamoms
  • 2 black cardamoms
  • 1-inch cinnamon stick
  • 2-3 star anise
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1 teaspoon fennel seeds
  • 1 tablespoon biriyani masala
  • 1 teaspoon red chili powder
  • 1 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1 teaspoon garam masala

For Rice

  • 4 cups water
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1-inch cinnamon stick
  • 3-4 cloves
  • Salt to taste

For Garnish

  • Fried onions
  • Saffron strands soaked in warm milk
  • Cashews and raisins fried in ghee

Step-by-Step Recipe for Mutton Biriyani

1. Marinate the Mutton

In a large bowl, mix the mutton pieces with yogurt, ginger-garlic paste, red chili powder, turmeric powder, and salt. Let it marinate for at least 2 hours, or preferably overnight in the refrigerator.

2. Prepare the Rice

Rinse the basmati rice under cold water until the water runs clear. Soak the rice in water for 30 minutes. In a large pot, bring 4 cups of water to a boil. Add bay leaves, cinnamon stick, cloves, and salt. Add the soaked rice and cook until it is 70% done. Drain the water and set the rice aside.

3. Cook the Mutton

Heat ghee or oil in a large, heavy-bottomed pan. Add bay leaves, cloves, green and black cardamoms, cinnamon stick, star anise, cumin seeds, and fennel seeds. Sauté until the spices release their aroma. Add sliced onions and green chilies, cooking until the onions turn golden brown.

4. Add Tomatoes and Marinated Mutton

Add chopped tomatoes and cook until they turn soft. Add the marinated mutton and cook on high heat for 5-7 minutes. Lower the heat and cook until the mutton is tender and the oil starts to separate. Stir in the biriyani masala and half of the chopped mint and coriander leaves.

5. Layer the Biriyani

In a heavy-bottomed pot, layer the cooked mutton at the bottom. Add a layer of partially cooked rice on top of the mutton. Sprinkle some of the remaining mint and coriander leaves, fried onions, and saffron milk. Repeat the layers until all the mutton and rice are used up, finishing with a layer of rice.

6. Dum Cooking

Seal the pot with aluminum foil and place a lid on top. Cook on low heat for 20-25 minutes to allow the flavors to meld together. This process, known as “dum,” ensures that the biriyani is cooked to perfection.

7. Garnish and Serve

Once the biriyani is done, gently fluff it with a fork. Garnish with fried onions, cashews, and raisins. Serve hot with raita and salad.

Tips for the Perfect Mutton Biriyani

Choose the Right Rice

Using good quality basmati rice is essential for a flavorful biriyani. Long, slender grains that cook up fluffy and separate are ideal.

Marination Time

Allowing the mutton to marinate for a sufficient amount of time ensures that it absorbs all the flavors and becomes tender.

Layering Technique

Proper layering of rice and mutton is crucial. Ensure each layer is even to distribute the flavors uniformly.

Dum Cooking

The dum cooking technique is what gives biriyani its unique taste and aroma. Ensure the pot is well-sealed to trap the steam inside.

Serving Suggestions


  • Raita: A cooling yogurt-based side dish with cucumber, mint, and spices.
  • Salad: A fresh mix of onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, and lemon.
  • Pickles: Tangy and spicy pickles add a burst of flavor to the meal.


  • Mint Lassi: A refreshing yogurt drink flavored with mint.
  • Rooh Afza: A rose-flavored drink that complements the rich flavors of biriyani.

Mutton Biriyani is more than just a dish; it’s an experience that brings people together during Eid Ul Adha. The rich flavors, aromatic spices, and tender meat make it a favorite for many. With this recipe, you can recreate this traditional dish at home and make your Eid celebration even more special. Enjoy the process of cooking and sharing this delightful meal with your loved ones.